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History


Key milestones

1925

Jacques Copeau and his company of young enthusiasts ‘Les Copiaus’ perform on a bare platform in various village squares across French Burgundy.

1944

Jeanne Laurent is appointed Deputy Director at the Direction of Performing Arts and Music. She launches France’s policy of decentralisation for drama.

1951

Jean Vilar reopens the Théâtre National Populaire in suburban Paris.

1959

André Malraux creates France’s Ministry of Cultural Affairs and fathers the project of French Arts Centres (then referred to as Maisons de la Culture, MCs).

1961

The Direction for Drama, Music and Outreach Cultural Development is created.

1967

A memorandum of understanding defining the role of MCs in the cinema field is signed.

1969

In order to foster devolution of state administration, the first Regional Directorates of Cultural Affairs (known in France as Directions Régionales des Affaires Culturelles, DRAC) are launched throughout France.

1979

The Direction of Theatre and Performing Arts is created.

1982

The Ministry of Culture increases its budget from 0.47% to 0.75% of the total state budget.

1990

The certification for National Performing Arts Centre (Scène Nationale) is created.

1998

The National Performing Arts Centres schedule of tasks and obligations is established.


25 km of highway…

National Performing Arts Centres (“Scènes nationales”) is a result of the French cultural policy of post WWII decentralisation.

Launched by André Malraux, France’s first ever Minister for Culture, this project of confrontation between art and habitant show a french distinctiveness. Chronic of a cultural exception.

Some numbers

11

Labels and national networks for perfoming art in collaboration with territorial collectivities


71

National Performing Arts Centres (Scènes nationales)


34

National Dramatic Centres (Centres Dramatiques Nationaux – CDN)


3

Regional Dramatic Centres (Centres Dramatiques Régionaux – CDR)


124

Subsidised performance spaces (Scènes conventionnées)


19

National Choreographic Centres (Centres Chorégraphiques Nationaux- CCN)


11

Development Choreographic Centres (Centres de Développement Chorégraphique – CDC)


87

Modern music rooms (Salles de musiques actuelles – SMAC)


13

National Street Art Centres (Centres nationaux des arts de la rue – CNAR)


12

National Circus Arts Poles (Pôles nationaux des arts du cirque)


24

Permanent regional orchestras


13

Regional opera houses